IMAGES PROVIDED BY:

1)    Ballyscanlon / Digital Vision
2)    Dave & Les Jacobs / Cultura
3)    CHASSENET / BSIP
4)    Steve Cole / the Agency Collection
5)    Herbert Kehrer / imagebroker
6)    Seth Joel / Photographer’s Choice
7)    Cassio Vasconcellos / SambaPhoto
8)    CHASSENET / BSIP
9)    CHASSENET / BSIP
10)    Andy Crawford / Dorling Kindersley
11)   Laurence Mouton / Es Collection
12)   Will & Deni McIntyre / Photo Researchers, Inc.
13)   Corbis / Corbis RF
14)   altrendo images / altrendo

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: “Low Back Pain Fact Sheet.”
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign: “Managing Acute Back Pain.”
National Sleep Foundation: “Pain and Sleep.”
Kundermann, B. Pain Research & Management, Spring 2004; vol 9: pp 25-32.
National Health Information Center: “Prevent Back Pain.”
New York Times, Health: “Sit Up Straight. Your Back Thanks You.”
American Academy of Family Physicians: “Pain Relievers: Understanding Your OTC Options.”
Turk, D. The Lancet, June 25, 2011; vol 377: pp 2226-2235.
American Pain Foundation, Pain SAFE: “Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs).”
Pain Management Treatment: “Medication for Pain Relief.”
Spine-health.com: “Muscle Relaxants,” “Injections for Back Pain Relief.”
Dharmshaktu, P. The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology; March 17, 2011.
Urquhart, D. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; 2008, issue 1.
Skljarevski, V. Spine, June 1, 2010; vol 35: pp E578-E585.
Oregon Health & Science University: “Physical Therapy.”
Cherkin, D. Annals of Internal Medicine; July 5, 2011; vol 155: pp 1-9.
Berman, B. New England Journal of Medicine; July 29, 2010; vol 363: pp 454-461.
Department of Pain Medicine & Palliative Care: “Stimulatory Approaches.”
Lamb, S. Lancet, March 13, 2010; vol 375: pp 916-923.
David Fish, MD, MPH, associate professor of orthopedics, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California-Los Angeles.

Source

Last modified: 20th November 2020

Author